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The Spanish Verb Tense System

Spanish verb tenses operate in a manner that in many ways is similar to English, but with important differences as well.

Below is a thumbnail presentation of the tenses (present, past, etc.), moods (indicative, subjunctive, imperative) and participles that make up the Spanish verb system. The English verb talk is used to render the (sometimes approximate) English equivalent of each. For more on the forms and uses of each, click on the links.

The Simple (One-Word) Tenses
INDICATIVE
Present Preterite Imperfect Future Conditional
talk(s),
is talking
talked talked,
was talking,
used to talk
will talk would talk
SUBJUNCTIVE AND IMPERATIVE (COMMANDS)
  Present Subjunctive Imperfect Subjunctive Imperative
  ...(that) talk(s) ...(that) talked (Don't) talk!

The Compound (Two-Word) Tenses

INDICATIVE
Present Perfect Pluperfect Future Perfect Conditional Perfect
has / have talked had talked will have talked would have talked
SUBJUNCTIVE
  Present Perfect Pluperfect  
  ...(that) has / have talked ...(that) had talked  
The Participles
  Present Past  
  talking talked  
 
 
 
 
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